交通事故や労災事故等の損害賠償事件、不動産の売買や賃貸借に関する紛争、離婚や相続、遺言等の家庭内問題にも親身に対応しています。

個人法務

Services for Individuals

日常の社会生活を送る上で、個人の方は様々な法律問題に直面します。交通事故や労災事故などの損害賠償事件、家や土地の売買や賃貸借に関する紛争、あるいは離婚、相続や遺言に代表される家庭内での悩みなど、多くの問題が発生します。なお、近年、活発な国際交流を背景に、国際的婚姻問題、労働問題や入国管理法・移民法関連の問題も増加傾向にあります。ユニバーサル特許法律事務所では、このような案件に依頼者の立場に立って親身に取り組んでいます。

Individuals, in having a daily social life, may face different legal problems. Among those are cases of compensation for damage such as in traffic and industrial accidents, disputes over selling/buying and leasing of houses and lands, worries of family represented by divorce, inheritance and wills, and many others which may happen. In addition, the recent vigorous international exchange has developed a tendency to increase international marriages, labor troubles, and problems related to the Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act and the Immigration Law. We stand by our clients to work on such cases empathically.

債務整理・過払い金返還請求Adjustment of Debts, Claims for the Reimbursement of Overpayments

A debt or a multiple debt from credit companies or consumer financing companies is a financially and mentally intolerable pain. But you don’t have to give up. A debt is a legal matter of loan money credits and debts based on a loan agreement, which fact means that such a problem can be legally solved.
By adjustment, a debt can be reduced, payment of a debt can be exempted, or overpaid interest (overpayments) can be reimbursed. In most cases, debt adjustment procedures can be conducted without anybody else knowing it.
Legal debt adjustment procedures include voluntary liquidation, individual rehabilitation, personal bankruptcy, and overpayment reimbursement claim which is to recover overpaid interest. It is necessary to select the most suitable procedure depending on the individual conditions.
To do so, consult a lawyer, who is a legal expert, as soon as possible.

交通事故Traffic Accidents

A victim in a traffic accident can claim damages including lost earnings and consolation money from the person responsible for the accident (or the voluntary insurance company which the latter has a contract with). In the case of a fatal accident, the family of the victim will claim damages in addition to consolation money special to the family. In the case of a so-called “property damage” caused by a traffic accident, it is also possible to claim damages from the person responsible for the accident. However, claiming damages in a traffic accident case is a highly professional dispute. When the party whom you negotiate with is an insurance company or a lawyer, an out-of-court settlement based on the party’s argument may cause you to end up failing to obtain damages which should be duly received.
To protect your own profits securely, consult a lawyer, who is a legal expert, as soon as possible.

雇用問題・労災事故Employment Issues, Labor Accidents

In recent years, disputes related to labor and employment issues between management and labor have been increasing. The labor and employment problems range widely and in particular, cases of unfair dismissal and non-payment for overtime attributed to an employer or a company occur often.
If you have had an accident during working hours, you can apply to the Labor Standards Inspection Office for a workers’ compensation to get entitled to a compensation for absence from work (60% of a wage plus a special benefit equivalent to 20% of a wage) and for residual disability. In addition, if the company is recognized to be liable to an accident, you can claim against the company for consolation money (i.e. money to compensate the mental anguish inflicted by the injury which forces you to go to hospital and suffer from residual disability) and loss of earnings (i.e. money to compensate the future reduction of income caused by the residual disability).
It is difficult for you to claim such consolation money and loss of earnings by yourself after recognition of a work-related accident. It is advisable to consult a lawyer in any case of negotiation, action, or arbitration.

不動産取引・借地借家関連Real-estate Transactions, Land and Building Leases, and Related Issues

In real-estate deals, legal affairs occur in various aspects such as leasing, selling/buying, brokering and settlement of a mortgage. It is not unusual that a real-estate deal develops into an unexpected trouble out of a small discrepancy partly because it involves a large amount of money.
A real-estate deal entails complicated transaction forms and rights, which tend to develop a dispute, and once such a dispute has happened, a solution for it will be a long way to go, and a financial burden may be swollen.
Expertise is required as to real-estate affairs such as management of an apartment house, faults of buildings, leasing of lands and buildings, registrations, and boundaries.
Be sure to consult us when you feel worried even a little on whether there is any contradiction or any problem for cancellation and damages in the contents of a contract or an important matter description of a real-estate transaction.

離婚・国際離婚Divorce, International Divorce

A matter of divorce covers a really wide range of issues including not only a simple claim of divorce but also consolation money, expenses of bringing up children, division of property, division of marriage expenses, division of pension money, parental rights, and negotiation to see children. The problems are even more complicated if one or both of the husband and wife has/have a nationality other than Japanese. An international divorce is difficult to cope with because it requires professional knowledge, foreign language ability and experiences other than general divorce cases do, for example, a language problem, international jurisdiction, governing laws, and approval of an overseas judgement.
While a divorce problem should basically be solved through a dialogue between the husband and wife, there are a lot of cases in which a legal action is taken because the dialogue ends up with no agreement. In such a case, be sure to consult us.

遺言・遺産分割・高齢者法律問題Wills, Partition of the Estate,Legal Problems Related to the Aged

There are various legal problems and disputes related to inheritance.
They cover a number of issues, such as preparation of a will, execution of a will, estate partition cases (conference, arbitration, judgement), waiving of inheritance, qualified acceptance, cases of distributive share reducing request (conference, arbitration, judgement), inheritance management, request for adult guardianship, and preparation of a voluntary guardianship contract.
To suitably solve these legal problems and disputes related to inheritance and the aged, it is necessary not only to have legal knowledge, of course, but also to take a legal action in reality.
We are active in providing services related to inheritance, the aged and the like. Be sure to consult us.

入国管理法・移民法関連業務Services Related to Immigration Control Law and Immigration Laws

Application services for status of residence include preparation and submission of an application and other documents in place of non-Japanese residents as to various kinds of application (authorized residence status certificate delivery applications, residence period renewal permit applications, residence status change permit applications, permanent residence permit applications, re-entry permit applications) for which the non-Japanese residents living in a peaceful country Japan go through the procedures at the immigration authorities in person.
A matter of residence status is associated with all procedures such as international litigation and international criminal cases, family court cases and labor court cases.
As our lawyers are registered under the provisions of the enforcement regulations of the Immigration Control and Refugee-Recognition Act, they can make a proxy application in the procedures such as visa applications, permanent residence permit applications, nationalization applications, authorized residence status certificate delivery applications, residence status renewal and change permit applications, special residence permit applications and refugee status applications.
In addition, they can handle administrative lawsuits related to immigration procedures, in which an administrative scrivener cannot stand proxy; for example, a revocation suit against a forcible deportation order.

各種契約案件Various Contract Issues

A large portion of troubles between individuals come from their contractual relationship. In many of person-to-person contracts, however, they are even not prepared as a document. To prevent troubles from arising from contract relationship, it is important to prepare a suitable contract document and to sign a contract which eliminates a future risk as much as possible. Once you prepare such a contract document, you can make an advantageous progress in a lawsuit which may be started through troubles in the future.
Our firm offers preparation and legal review of various contracts including license contracts, loan contracts for consumption, service contracts, delegation contracts, and business consignment contracts. We can also draft and review English documents for contracting with a foreign party. We can clarify the content of a contract and forestall troubles.

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